Thermal storage systems
Chemical and sorptive heat storage systems which are counted as thermochemical storage systems, are relatively new, promising technology approaches with considerable benefits compared to both the sensible and the latent-heat storage systems. Here storage densities can theoretically be up to 10 times above those of the medium water; i.e. these systems can store much more energy without requiring a bigger construction volume. This energy is bound by means of physicochemical processes thus almost eliminating thermal loss. The combination of both advantages facilitates the efficient time-based storage of thermal energy and its transport. Due to similarities with heat pumps with regard to thermodynamic processes, sorptive systems can be applied to cooling processes at the same time.