Bioleaching processes use bacteria to mobilize metals from spoil heaps or waste. Here, however, the focus is on the extraction of dissolved metals by biological processes such as biosorption (adsorption to microorganisms or biological materials), bioaccumulation (uptake and storage of metals in cells) or bioprecipitation (precipitation of metals by the activity of microorganisms).
Recovery of metals – Molecular Sorting
The aim of recycling materials as secondary raw materials is the efficient provision in original raw material quality. For industrial implementation, it is not enough to provide only individual process stages.