The overall objective of the joint project "MegaLyseurPlus" was to optimize the overall system "electrolysis plant" and to create the prerequisites for the development and operation of future large-scale electrolysis systems. The focus is on the HYPOS guiding principle of creating the prerequisites for the economic use of green hydrogen as an energy carrier of the future by the end of the BMBF funding program "Twenty20 - Partnership for Innovation". While it appears that the essential components of an electrolysis plant are already commercially available and potentially scalable on their own, it must be noted that operation in the electrolysis environment poses special requirements. The particular challenge here arises from the tension between highly fluctuating energy input (e.g. in the case of a direct coupling with a wind farm) and the continuous hydrogen demand of a large number of industrial processes or the integration of such a large-scale electrolysis system into a storage infrastructure for base-load capable energy storage and system-serving energy supply. Partial load capability and dynamics of essential components as well as the interface design for infrastructure integration have to be mentioned in particular, while the nominal overall efficiency as well as the specific costs have to be kept in view. Optimized subcomponents and system solutions are urgently needed here in order to successfully complete sector coupling, to integrate renewable energies stably into the national energy system and to advance the decarbonization of industry. With all these system-level aspects, however, it must not be disregarded that even with scaling of the system size, further development work remains necessary at the cell stack level in order to achieve further, necessary production cost reductions.
At the IGB, the infrastructure for the characterization of ionomer membranes in particular was developed and established in close cooperation with the CBP. Existing methods, such as the determination of ion exchange capacity, ion conductivity and swelling behavior, were validated within the project. In addition, a test rig was set up to determine the gas crossover of ionomer membranes (see Fig. 1-4). Furthermore, experiments on the targeted contamination and regeneration of ionomer membranes with metal ions were carried out (Fig. 5). The generated data were used by the partner FUMATECH to optimize the ionomer membranes.